Ah, Canada Day. 1 July 1867: that great day when the British North America Act was signed, establishing an independent Parliament for Canada. Well, independent in the sense that Canada was still part of the British Commonwealth. And the Queen of England was still the head of state. And the Governor General was the royal representative in Canada. With Americans trying to reconstruct their country after the Civil War, Canadians adhered to the principles "peace, order, and good government." Makes your pulse quicken, doesn't it?